Unfortunately, the depression of blood cholinesterase does not necessarily correlate with the severity of poisoning; signs are seen when brain AChE activity is inhibited >70%, and the enzyme in blood reflects, only in a general way, the levels in nervous tissue. Organophosphate and carbamate poisoning is relatively common in pets and livestock. A case of an acute organophosphorus compound, GOLDFLEECE poisoning involving 39 cattle at Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi is reported. Pulmonary edema and congestion, hemorrhages, and edema of the bowel and other organs may be found. This report describes the accidental poisoning of over 200 head of Holstein cattle by the organophosphate, terbufos. Concentrations as high as 2.5% in sprays have failed to produce poisoning of cattle, young dairy calves, or sheep. The first two are primarily used against parasitic infestations in horses, dogs, and pigs; the latter three are used against parasites in ruminants. In addition to brain and skeletal muscles, OPs are known to adversely affect other organ systems, including the cardiovascular, respiratory, hepatic, reproductive and developmental, and immune systems. The oral LD50 is 500 mg/kg in goats and 941 mg/kg in rats. This case report describes the management of a poisoning case due to organophosphate exposure in a third trimester pregnant woman. Daily doses of 10 mg/kg for 5 days in adult cattle lowered blood cholinesterase activity to 20% of normal but did not produce poisoning. Tetrachlorvinphos has low toxicity in dogs; chronic feeding studies indicate the lowest effect level was 50 mg/kg/day, and the no observed effect level (NOEL) was 3.13 mg/kg/day. A 1% dust was not toxic to cattle. These symptoms may last for several days or weeks depending on the OP involved. Fenthion is commonly applied topically to control warble infestation in cattle and fleas in dogs. Diagnosis of carbamate poisoning usually depends on history of exposure to a particular carbamate and response to atropine therapy. ATR, HI-6 and various combinations of the two drugs were evaluated against lethal poisoning by soman (GD) and tabun (GA) in guinea pigs. A single application of a powder containing 1% of carbophenothion is lethal to cats. Baby sharks cooks Pororo Black Noodle Without Daddy Shark Knowing | PinkyPopTOY PinkyPopTOY 2,725 watching. The minimum lethal dose for calves appears to be between 10 and 40 mg/kg. The acronym SLUD stands for salivation, lacrimation, urination, and defecation, which are the clinical signs associated with muscarinic cholinergic overstimulation caused by certain toxins. Eight yearling cattle were accidentally poisoned with the agricultural organophosphate insecticide trichloronat. Stock were more likely to be poisoned if they had previous liver damage. Malathion at 0.5% or 1% should not be sprayed on calves for more than 3 consecutive days. When applied topically, 1% sprays have been tolerated by calves, cattle, and adult sheep. The oral LD50 in rats is 5 mg/kg, and the dermal LD50 in rabbits is 220 mg/kg. Contamination of feed or water sources. Coumaphos is used against cattle grubs and a number of other ectoparasites and for treatment of premises. In the case of organophosphorus poisoning the dose can be doubled up to 0.5 mg/kg bw of which one quarter is administered intravenously, the rest subcutaneously. Dairy calves <2 wk old sprayed with water-based formulations showed poisoning at concentrations ≥0.05%, and adult cattle were poisoned by spraying with 1%. The longer the exposure and the larger the dose, the more toxic the effects. It is used as a dip and spray for cattle in some countries (not in the USA). Ill effect, but are less toxic than demeton to a potent organophosphate out to... 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